April 2018 Current Affairs

April 2018 Latest Current Affairs

April 2018 Current Affairs
Latest Current Affairs 2018 for competitive exams UPSC,AFCAT, TNPSC, IAS, RRB and Latest Affairs 2018 for banking exams IBPS PO Clerk, SBI, RBI and more. Read daily affairs, this beneficial Affairs 2018 resource yields the facts about the events of International affairs, National, Sports, Business, Banking Current Affairs of 2018 and more which are betterment for the Government & Private Job aspirants.

April 2018 Current Affairs

National Current Affairs :

1.       India is now the second-largest mobile phone producer in the world after China as per the data shared by Indian Cellular Association with the government.

2.       The Union Cabinet has given its approval to the Protection of Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018 for better protection & promotion of human rights in the country. The features of the Bill are as follows:
3.       It proposes to include “National Commission for Protection of Child Rights” as deemed Member of the Commission; It proposes to add a woman Member in the composition of the Commission; It proposes to enlarge the scope of eligibility & scope of selection of Chairperson, National Human Rights Commission as well as the State Human Rights Commission; & It proposes to incorporate a mechanism to look after the cases of human rights violation in the Union Territories.
4.       President Ram Nath Kovind has asked Indian Diaspora in Zambia to become the partner in India’s growth & asked them to take advantage of Overseas Citizen of India, OCI programme. Four MOUs were signed between the two countries which include, the establishment of Entrepreneurship Development Institute in Zambia, taxation, visa exemption on diplomatic passports & judicial cooperation. This is the first time in three decades that a President of India is undertaking a state visit to Zambia.
5.       Prime Minister Narendra Modi left on a five-day visit to Sweden & the UK. The visit to the two nations aims at enhancing bilateral cooperation in key areas like trade, investments & Science & technology. On the first leg of his visit, the Prime Minister will attend the first-ever India-Nordic Summit at Stockholm, which will be co-hosted by India & Sweden. In London, Mr Modi will take part in the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting being hosted by the UK.
6.       The Union Cabinet approved the promulgation of the Fugitive Economic Offenders Ordinance 2018, which would empower the government to seize the domestic assets of those deemed by a relevant court to be fugitive economic offenders. The Ordinance has a provision for a ‘Special Court’ under the Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002 to declare a person as a Fugitive Economic Offender.
7.       The Minister of Housing & Urban Development Hardeep Singh inaugurated the 48th Foundation Day of Housing & Urban Development Corporation (HUDCO) on 25th April. HUDCO is playing an important role in taking financial inclusion forward in the country, as it is taking care of the housing finance needs of the economically deprived sections.
8.       India has agreed for the most revered Buddhist relics from Sarnath to be taken to Sri Lanka for public exposition on the occasion of Vesak festival. This is the first time relics from Sarnath are being brought to Sri Lanka from India, & special arrangements have been made for this purpose.
9.       Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in New Delhi after a two-day informal summit meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Wuhan. PM Modi wrapped up his two-day visit to China with both the countries underlining the importance of maintaining peace & tranquillity.
10.    With an aim to combat the rising levels of air pollution in Delhi-NCR region, petrol pumps in the capital started supplying ultra-clean Bharat Stage VI grade fuel (both petrol & diesel). This move makes New Delhi the first city in the country to switch from BS-IV grade fuels to BS-VI.
11.    R K Singh, Minister of State (IC) for Power & New & Renewable Energy, laid the foundation stone of the 60 MW Naitwar Mori Hydro Electric Project (NMHEP) along with Uttarakhand Chief Minister Shri Trivendra Singh Rawat in Uttarkashi.
12.    Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath inaugurated a 10.30-km-long elevated road, touted to be the longest of its kind in the country, connecting UP Gate & Rajnagar Extension, Ghaziabad.
13.    Patna tops in 4G connectivity among 20 of India’s largest cities. It has emerged ahead of the likes of Bengaluru, Mumbai & Delhi, according to the report of OpenSignal, a wireless coverage mapping company.
14.    Prime Minister Narendra Modi flagged off India's first all-electric high-speed locomotive in Bihar. The first big Make-in-India project completed by France's Alstom, the train has the country's most powerful engine with 12,000 horsepower & a maximum speed of 120 km/hr.
15.    Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani approved setting up a 5,000 MW capacity solar park at the Dholera Special Investment Region (SIR), which would be the largest such entity in the world after its completion.
16.    A Loan Agreement for IBRD loan of USD 48 million for the “Meghalaya Community - Led Landscapes Management Project (MCLLMP)” was signed with the World Bank.
17.    The much-awaited bridge 'Ib Setu' built over the Ib river in Sambalpur district was thrown open to the public by Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik. The 2.5-km-long bridge, which is the State’s second longest bridge, has been built in three years at a cost of Rs. 117.50 crore.
18.    State-run Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers & Chemicals Limited (GNFC) started its socio-economic Neem Project, inaugurated by Union Minister Smriti Irani in Amethi District of Uttar Pradesh.
19.    West Bengal has once again topped in the country with Digambarpur Gram Panchayat (GP) bagging the Centre’s award for the best Gram Panchayat in the country.
20.    The Union Home Ministry completely revoked the controversial Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) from Meghalaya while diluting it in other regions of Arunachal Pradesh.
21.    Diu Smart City has become the first city in India, that runs on 100% renewable energy during daytime setting a new benchmark for other cities to become clean & green.
22.    West Bengal government has given its approval to State Forest Department to apply for coveted Ramsar Site recognition under Ramsar Convention to Sunderban Reserve Forest. Now, State Forest Department through Central Government will apply to Ramsar Convention Secretariat. Once it is conferred Ramsar site status, Sundarbans Reserve Forest will be largest protected wetland in the country. There are currently 26 sites in India recognised as Ramsar wetland sites of international importance.
23.    Asian Development Bank (ADB) has agreed in principle to give an aid of 1,700 crore rupees to Uttarakhand for infrastructure development & creation of sewerage treatment facilities in urban areas.
24.    Home Ministry has decided to relax the six-decade-old Protected Area Permit regime from Nagaland, Mizoram & Manipur for five years. Foreign tourists, except those from Pakistan, China & Afghanistan, will now be allowed to visit some of the most pristine locations of the country which, so far, were out of bounds for them without a special permit.

International Current Affairs :

1.       The presidents of Iran, Turkey & Russia met for their second tripartite summit in under six months, aiming to speed the peace process for Syria & bolster their influence in the country. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan hosted his Russian & Iranian counterparts Vladimir Putin & Hassan Rouhani in Ankara for a meeting that could have a critical bearing on developments in Syria.

2.       Singapore & China signed an MoU in Beijing, China to promote greater collaboration between Singapore & Chinese companies in third-party markets along the Belt & Road.
3.       India & World Expo 2020 signed participants contract for India’s pavilion in the prestigious World Expo 2020 held once in 5 years. The contract provides for the setting up of India pavilion at Expo 2020 on an extra large plot (about one acre) in the ‘Opportunity’ segment.
4.       Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has decided to scrap the quota system in government services after thousands of students marched across the country in protest against a controversial policy of setting aside jobs for special groups.
5.       World Bank has approved $55mn to expand the use of clean renewable energy in rural areas of Bangladesh where grid electricity cannot reach easily.
6.       United Nations’ Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed announced the launch of the ‘UN Road Safety Trust Fund’ to stimulate action that can save lives & prevent injuries & sufferings associated with road accidents.
7.       United Kingdom joined the India-led International Solar Alliance (ISA) ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s four-day visit to Britain.
8.       The Jatra begins in Nepal. It is believed that the festival started during Malla dynasty. In Nepal, the famous Bisket Jatra is being celebrated in Bhaktapur & other parts of Kathmandu valley.
9.       Since 2016, fourteen new sites have been designated as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), including the first ones in Europe.
10.    India has won an election to a crucial non-governmental organisation committee in the United Nations. It topped the election held by the Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations in the Asia Pacific States category. The Committee on Non-Governmental Organizations is a standing committee of Economic & Social Council (ECOSOC).
11.    Swaziland’s King Mswati III, Africa’s last absolute monarch, officially changed the name of his country to the ‘Kingdom of eSwatini’. Accordingly, the country, a member of the Commonwealth, will now be known by its historic name of eSwatini.
12.    Britain’s Prince Charles will succeed his mother Queen Elizabeth II as the Head of the Commonwealth after the heads of government agreed on his succession.
13.    The Commonwealth countries have unanimously agreed to take action on cybersecurity by 2020. In a landmark declaration at the end of Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in London, the leaders of 53 countries agreed to work closely to evaluate & strengthen their cybersecurity frameworks & response mechanisms.
14.    Bolivian Foreign Minister Fernando Huanacuni has announced that Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Paraguay & Peru had decided to temporarily leave the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), given differences over choosing the secretary general of the group.
15.    Iran has banned the use of bitcoin & other cryptocurrencies by its banks & financial institutions.
16.    Canada & the European Union will host the world’s first 2-Day female foreign ministers’ meeting in September 2018 in Canada. The announcement was made by the Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland.
17.    European Union & the United Nations co-chaired an international conference in Brussels, Belgium aiming to pump financial aid for Syrians & garner political support for UN-led intra-Syrian talks.
18.    Prime Minister Narendra Modi left on a three-day visit to China. Mr Modi will hold talks with Chinese President Xi Jinping during an informal summit in Wuhan city.
19.    Mario Abdo Benitez won the presidential election conducted in Paraguay. He belongs to the ruling Colorado Party. He had secured 46.5% of the votes, with 96% of 21,000.
20.    Mike Pompeo was sworn in as the secretary of state, shortly after the Senate confirmed the former CIA director’s nomination as America’s top diplomat at a crucial time when the US is involved in several high stakes negotiations around the world.
21.    The leaders of North & South Korea agreed to pursue a permanent peace & the complete denuclearization of the divided peninsula, as they embraced after a historic summit laden with symbolism. Kim Jong-un, the leader of North Korea & Moon Jae-in, the leader of South Korea also agreed to end hostile activities between the  two nations, change the demilitarised zone (DMZ) that divides the country into a “peace zone” by ceasing propaganda broadcasts.

Defence Current Affairs :

1.       United States & South Korea began their joint military training exercise named 'Foal Eagle. Foal Eagle, the largest annual joint military exercise in South Korea, usually runs about two months.

2.       The Turkish Atomic Energy Authority (TAEK) was awarded a construction licence for Akkuyu NPP, Turkey's first nuclear power plant, which is being built in Mersin province, in southern Turkey. JSC Akkuyu Nuklear is the Russian-owned company which is responsible for the project.
3.       Indo-Korean joint anti-piracy, search & rescue exercise ‘Sahyog- Hyeoblyeog 2018’ was conducted off the Chennai coast, in Tamil Nadu. The Korean Coast Guard ship ‘Bodaro’ took part in the exercise.
4.       Indian Air Force (IAF) is going to conduct its biggest ever combat exercise named Gagan Shakti, 2018 along Pakistan & China borders. Depending upon the order of the Air Force Chief, the Air Force will mobilise its assets in the war scenario within 48 hours of the orders.
5.       United Arab Emirates (UAE) & Malaysia concluded joint military exercise “Desert Tiger 5” aimed at sharing expertise & enhancing joint military actions in Dubai, UAE.
6.       The tenth edition of a biennial exhibition of weapons & military hardware - DefExpo India- 2018 held at Kancheepuram in Tamil Nadu.
7.       The Society of Indian Defence Manufacturers (SIDM) & the Groupement des Industries Fran├žaises Aeronautiques et Spatiales (GIFAS) signed an MoU on the sidelines of a major industrial mission in India in the field of aerospace & defence organised by GIFAS with the support of SIDM.
8.       Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman & External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj have attended the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation’s (SCO) defence ministers’ & Foreign Ministers meeting in Bejing, China, respectively. The annual summit of the SCO, in which India is the latest entrant along with Pakistan, will take place in the Chinese city of Qingdao in June 2018.
9.       As part of ongoing Indo-Malaysian defence cooperation, a joint training exercise Harimau Shakti will be conducted in the dense forests of Sengai Perdik, Hulu Langat, Malaysia.
10.    Exercise ‘Sagar Kavach’ is being conducted to strengthen & assess the loopholes in the coastal security mechanism along Kerala shores. Along with Coastal Police & Marine Enforcement wing, Indian Coast Guard & Indian Navy is also participating in Exercise ‘Sagar Kavach’.
11.    Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) approved the capital acquisition proposals of over 3,687 crore rupees. The decision was taken in the meeting council, chaired by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in New Delhi.
12.    Indigenously developed Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas has successfully fired an air-to-air beyond visual range (BVR) missile.

Miscellaneous Topics :

1.       Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman is in Russia to attend the 7th Moscow Conference on International Security. This is her first visit to Russia in her capacity as the Defence Minister.

2.       External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj begun her three-day visit to Azerbaijan to participate in the Mid-Term Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in Baku.
3.       Nepal Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli has begun his three-day visit to India. According to the External Affairs Ministry, the visit will provide an opportunity to review wide-ranging cooperative partnership & to progress it further.
4.       Road Transport & Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari is on a four-day official visit to South Korea. The visit is aimed at strengthening ties between the two nations & further cementing cooperation in areas, including sharing of technology, experience in port development & joint participation in port-related construction.
5.       President Ram Nath Kovind, on a three-nation Africa visit, held delegation-level talks with Swaziland King Mswati III in Mbabane. India & Swaziland signed two agreements on health & visa waiver. President Kovind was conferred with 'Order of the Lion', the highest award of Swaziland.
6.       President Ram Nath Kovind has returned to New Delhi after three African nations tour of Equatorial Guinea, Swaziland & Zambia. Mr Kovind & his Zambian counterpart Edgar Chagwa Lungu laid the foundation stone of Lusaka traffic Decongestion Project. The cost of the 93-km road is 289 million dollar India is providing 250 million dollars. The project will be completed in three years.
7.       Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi was on the three-nation visit of Europe to Sweden, the UK & Germany. He has signed various important agreements & attended various conferences during the visit. Following are the important highlights regarding the 3-nation visit of PM Modi.
8.       Prime Minister Narendra Modi held bilateral talks with German Chancellor Angela Merkel & discussed ways to further strengthen the strategic partnership between the two countries.
9.       External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj left for China on a four-day visit. She will participate in a meeting of the foreign ministers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). She will hold talks with her Chinese counterpart Wang Yi.
10.    Indian Space Research Organisation launched the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System-1I, the eighth such satellite to be a part of a constellation. It was launched from the first launch pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. IRNSS-1I is expected to replace IRNSS-1A.
11.    A world-class interpretation centre & other tourist facilities for visitors were inaugurated at the Konark Sun Temple, Odisha.
12.    The trial run of the first container train between India & Bangladesh was flagged off from Kolkata city.
13.    Civil Aviation Minister Suresh Prabhu inaugurated first flight from Delhi to Pathankot (Punjab), at a ceremony held at the Indira Gandhi International Airport in New Delhi. Pathankot in Punjab state is the 21st airport in the country, which got operational for passengers.
14.    Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated Dr Ambedkar National Memorial in New Delhi. The memorial is dedicated to the life & contributions of Dr. Ambedkar, the principal architect of the Constitution.
15.    Karan Johar has become the first-ever Bollywood filmmaker to get a place at the famous Madame Tussauds.
16.    Madras High Court became the first court in south India & overall eighth in the country to introduce e-court fee payment facility. It was jointly launched by Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami & Chief Justice Indira Banerjee. It will enable litigants who file cases in High Court to pay judicial stamp duty to the government through e-stamps, which can be purchased both online & offline.
17.    Ministry of HRD constituted a High Powered Committee to examine the entire system of conducting Class X & Class XII examination conducted by the CBSE with a view to prevent leakages. Mr. Vinay Sheel Oberoi, Retd. Secretary (Higher Education), MHRD will be the Chairperson of the 7 member High Power Committee.
18.    The Union Government formed a new integrated institutional mechanism, Defence Planning Committee (DPC) to reform the process of higher defence planning. The permanent body would be chaired by National Security Advisor Ajit Doval.
19.    Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar released three books based on Mahatma Gandhi's Champaran movement of 1917. Nitish Kumar released the books titled- 'Mister M K Gandhi Ki Champaran Diary' written by Arvind Mohan, 'Champaran Andolan 1917' edited by Ashutosh Partheshwar & 'Pir Muhammad Munis: Kalam Ka Satyagrahi' collected & edited by Srikant.
20.    Union Road Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari has inaugurated the 29th Road Safety Week at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. He released a book named "Have a Safe Journey".
21.    Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh released a book titled ‘My Journey from Marxism-Leninism to Nehruvian Socialism’ by former Planning Commission & Finance Commission member C H Hanumantha Rao.

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