March 2018 Current Affairs

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March 2018 Current Affairs
Latest Current Affairs 2018 for competitive exams UPSC, TNPSC, IAS, RRB and Latest Affairs 2018 for banking exams IBPS PO Clerk, SBI, RBI and more. Read daily affairs, this beneficial Affairs 2018 resource yields the facts about the events of International affairs, National, Sports, Business, Banking Current Affairs of 2018 and more which are betterment for the Government & Private Job aspirants.

March 2018 Current Affairs

1.       The apex anti-terror body National Investigation Agency (NIA) will be the nodal authority for probing cases of human trafficking after the government approved a proposal in this regard. The Cabinet approved the draft Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection & Rehabilitation) Bill, which also proposes a punishment of life imprisonment for repeat offenders. The draft Bill divides various offences into "trafficking" & "aggravated trafficking".

2.       The first-ever multi-nation naval exercise at sea, MILES-18, began at the Andaman sea. 11 naval ships of 8 countries & nine Indian ships are participating in the three-day exercise.

3.       Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba visited USA. It aims to consolidate relations between the Armed Forces of both the nations & to explore new avenues of defence co-operation.
4.       Indian Navy & the French Navy have conducted bilateral maritime exercises since May 1993. 
Since 2001, the exercises have been named VARUNA & there have been fifteen editions of the same till date. This year too VARUNA-18 would be conducted in three sea areas, namely, the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal & South Western Indian Ocean.
5.       General Bipin Rawat, Chief of the Army Staff released a book on Paramveer Chakra Awardees - ‘Paramveer Parwane’.  It is written by Dr Prabhakiran Jain & is published by Medha Books.
6.       INS Ganga, an indigenously built frigate of the Indian Navy, was decommissioned in Mumbai after over three decades of service. Commissioned in December 1985, the ship represented a big step forward in the nation's warship building capability.
7.       The world’s biggest cruise-liner, Symphony of the Seas, has left the shipyard of Saint-Nazaire in France to embark on its maiden voyage in the Mediterranean. French shipbuilder STX handed over to U.S. giant Royal Caribbean International. The ship, which weighs 228,000 tonnes, is 362 metres long just 20 metres shy of the length of the Empire State Building.
8. Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA) & Mumbai’s Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport have beaten 1,952 other airports from 176 countries to tie at number one for world’s best airports, as per Airports Council International (ACI) ASQ 2017 rankings.

9. Out of 133 countries, India is ranked fourth on a global index for its military strength, only the United States, Russia & China are ranked above India on the list, according to the latest report of the Global Firepower index 2017. Neighbouring Pakistan is ranked 13th.

10. India has become the 3rd largest electricity producer in the world as its electricity production grew 34% over seven years to 2017. The country now produces more energy than Japan & Russia, which had 27% & 8.77% more electricity generation capacity installed, respectively. Electricity production stood at 1,003.525 Billion Unit between April 2017-January 2018, according to a February 2018 report by India Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF).

11. Singapore remains the most expensive city in the world, according to The Economist Intelligence Unit’s Worldwide Cost of Living report 2018.

12. India has overtaken Germany to become the fourth largest automobile market in the world, According to the latest global data. Automobile sales, including passenger & commercial vehicles, in Asia’s third-largest economy, grew 9.5%. The top 5 countries on the list are- 1. China 2. USA 3. Japan.

13. As per the data, based on 2011 census released by Union ministry of Social Justice, there are around 4 lakh beggars in total. The highest number of beggars, 81,000, are in West Bengal. Lakshadweep, a union territory, has only two people (Least) begging for their livelihood. West Bengal is followed by Uttar Pradesh & Bihar at number two & three respectively.

14. Indian companies can now participate in construction & installation works in the “non-critical” category for the Rooppur nuclear power plant in Bangladesh, as per the Russian atomic energy agency Rosatom. The Rooppur project is the first initiative under an Indo-Russian deal to undertake atomic energy projects in third countries. India, Bangladesh & Russia signed an agreement in this regard in Moscow, Russia.

15. Armenian lawmakers elected Armen Sarkisian as the new president of Armenia. He will succeed Serzh Sarkisian. Armen Sarkisian was the ambassador to the United Kingdom.


16.  Marshall Islands is creating its own digital currency in a bid to raise money. In doing so it becomes the first country in the world to recognize a cryptocurrency as legal tender. The small Pacific Island nation passed the Sovereign Currency Act to create the ‘sovereign’, or SOV.

17.  Washington become the first state to enact its own net-neutrality requirements after U.S. regulators repealed Obama-era rules designed to keep the internet an even playing field.

18.  India is all set to become the 69th member of the European Bank for Reconstruction & Development (EBRD) after shareholders of the international financial institution gave their nod to the country’s candidature. The formal membership process will now get underway, which includes the purchase of shares by India at an estimated cost of around 1 million euros.

19. China's Parliament has abolished the decades-old two-term limit for the President, allowing Xi Jinping to remain as the country's leader for life. The constitutional changes were passed in Beijing by the annual sitting of the National People's Congress - the country's legislature - with the two-thirds majority.

20. The Maldives Parliament has approved the anti-defection bill with retrospective effect amidst the boycott by opposition MPs. According to the bill, MPs elected on political party tickets will lose their seat if they leave their party, get expelled, or switch parties.

21. Saudi Arabia's Cabinet has approved the national policy of its atomic energy programme, as the kingdom prepares to award contracts for its first nuclear power plants.

22.  Member-countries of the World Health Organisation (WHO) South-East Asia Region, including India, committed to intensifying efforts to eradicate tuberculosis by 2030.

23. Oklahoma plans to start using nitrogen gas for executions, in what would be the first such method of capital punishment in the United States.

24. United Nations issued an appeal for 951 million Dollars to meet the needs of nearly 900,000 Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh. Over the months since the most recent Rohingya influx began, it has become the world's fastest-growing refugee crisis with tens of thousands fleeing by land & sea daily from Myanmar's northern Rakhine state at the peak of the emergency.

25. Donald Trump administration banned all use by Americans of Venezuelan cryptocurrency (Petro), saying that its introduction is intended to skirt U.S. sanctions. The prohibition applies to all people & companies subject to U.S. jurisdiction. In February 2018, cash-strapped Venezuela became the first country to launch its own version of bitcoin, the petro.

26. The first G20 meeting of finance ministers & central bank governors began in Buenos Aires,  Argentina with the presence of 57 delegations from countries & institutions.

27.  NASA is all set to send the first-ever mission dedicated to exploring the deep interior of Mars. Scheduled to launch on InSight—a stationary lander—will also be the first Nasa mission since the Apollo moon landings to place a seismometer, a device that measures quakes, on the soil of another planet.


National & State Related Current Affairs

1.       Women & Child Development Ministry approved projects worth over Rs 2,900 crore under the Nirbhaya fund for eight major cities to make them safer for women.  These cities are Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad & Lucknow.

2.       Union Cabinet approved the establishment of National Financial Reporting Authority (NFRA). NFRA will act as an independent regulator for the auditing profession which was one of the key changes brought in by the Companies Act 2013. The Cabinet also gave nod to the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill - 2018 to deal with those escaping overseas to avoid getting caught.

3.       French President Emmanuel Macron arrived in New Delhi on a four-day visit to India. The visit aims at strengthening the bilateral economic, political & strategic dimension of engagement between the two countries.  During the visit, India & France will sign agreements in different fields tomorrow. PM Narendra Modi & Emmanuel Macron will co-chair the Founding Conference of the International Solar Alliance.

4.       India & the Asian Development Bank (ADB) signed a $120 million loan agreement for completion of works for double-tracking & electrification of railways tracks along high-density corridors to improve the operational efficiency of Indian railways.

5.       India & the European Union (EU) have signed an agreement that will enable them to share earth observation data from each other’s satellites. The pact was inked in Bengaluru.

6.       India & Hong Kong signed a double taxation avoidance agreement (DTAA) that seeks to improve transparency in tax matters & help curb tax evasion & avoidance.

7.       Ministry of Communications launched the Cool EMS Service between India & Japan. Cool EMS service is one-way service from Japan to India which allows customers in India to import Japanese food items for personal use which is allowed under Indian regulations.

8.       India received its first LNG cargo from US under a long-term supply deal when a ship carrying super-cooled natural gas arrived at Dabhol in Maharashtra. GAIL India has contracted 3.5 million tonnes per annum of liquefied natural gas (LNG) from US energy firm Cheniere Energy's Sabine Pass liquefaction facility in Louisiana.

9.       The meeting of Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) between India & Pakistan held in New Delhi. PIC is mandated to establish & maintain cooperative arrangements for implementation of the treaty & to promote cooperation between the two sides in developing the Indus water systems.

10.    The first Mega Food Park in the state of Maharashtra Satara Mega Food Park Pvt. Ltd. at Village Degaon, District Satara was inaugurated by Harsimrat Kaur Badal, Union Minister of Food Processing Industries. This is the 10th Mega Food Park being operationalized in the country.

11.    Karnataka govt. inaugurated the first phase of a 2,000 megawatts (MW) solar park in the drought-prone district, Tumkur. The first phase of the Rs. 16,500 crores park called “Shakti Sthala” will generate 600MW, while the balance 1,400MW is expected to be commissioned by the end of 2018. The solar project is the largest in the world, is spread over 13,000 acres & five villages. It is part of the “Karnataka Solar Policy 2014-2021”.

12.    Haryana’s first cyber police station, equipped with a digital forensic laboratory, was inaugurated in Gurugram. It will have a dedicated team of 35 specially trained cops, including two inspectors.

13.    Diu become the first Union Territory in India to run 100 percent on solar power generated energy. Diu has managed to generate surplus solar power for its residents, reducing their electricity costs, in a span of just three years.

14.    The government of Telangana launched Women Entrepreneurship Hub (WE-Hub), India's first state-led incubator for women entrepreneurs. Deepthi Ravula is heading the incubator as its Chief Executive Officer.

15.    Telangana IT & Industries Minister K T Rama Rao inaugurated the biennial event on Civil Aviation & Aerospace titled 'Wings India 2018' at the Begumpet Airport.

16.    Karnataka government unveiled the State flag (nada dhwaja ) for the state. If approved by the Centre, Karnataka will be the second State to have a flag after Jammu & Kashmir. The yellow-white-red flag has the State emblem at the centre.

17.    Rajasthan assembly has passed an amendment bill awarding death penalty for convicts involved in the rape of girls below 12 years of age. State Home Minister Gulab Chand Kataria introduced 'The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill, 2018' in the assembly, which was passed in the House by a voice vote following a debate. The new amendment added sections 376-AA & 376-DD to the Indian Penal Code, 1860.

18.    Lok Sabha has passed gratuity amendment bill. The Payment of Gratuity (Amendment) Bill, 2017 aims at increasing the upper ceiling of the gratuity from the present 10 lakh rupees to 20 lakh rupees for employees in the private sector & in Public Sector Undertakings at par with Central Government employees.

19.    The Institute of Bio-resources & Sustainable Laboratory (IBSD), Imphal, set up a floating laboratory in northeast India's largest freshwater lake, Loktak to constantly monitor its water quality & eventually improve it.

20.    PM Narendra Modi has launched a number of schemes for the poor in Varanasi & emphasized on harnessing solar energy for cooking. PM Modi laid the foundation stone of various development projects worth over Rs. 800 crores in Varanasi.

21.    Telangana government is setting up an Rs. 100-crore Apparel Super Hub in Sircilla. It signed a memorandum of understanding with Kay Ventures to roll out the project.

22.    PM Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of the Navi Mumbai International Airport site in 
Panvel, nearly 21 years after it was mooted. The first phase the Rs 16,700-crore project is expected to be completed by 2019. This is the country’s largest greenfield airport.

23.    Union Minister for Chemicals & Fertilizers & Parliamentary Affairs, Mr. Ananthkumar announced that the Government of India has approved the setting up of a Plastic Park in Deoghar District, Jharkhand.

24.    Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways, Shipping & Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation Nitin Gadkari inaugurated Mormugao Port Trust & Drishti Marine’s ambitious inland ferry services in Goa.

25.    Punjab government decided to impose a permanent ban on hookah bars in the state instead of issuing temporary orders against them every two months.

26.    Chandigarh has become the 1st city in North India to install Automatic Speed Gun Cameras with digital displays for traffic management.

27.    The North-eastern state Meghalaya, is home to the longest sandstone cave in the world at 24,583m, with dinosaur fossils from 66-76 million years ago. The sandstone cave named Krem Puri was first discovered in 2016. It is 6,000m longer than the current listed sandstone cave in the world, Cueva El Sam├ín, (18,200m) in Venezuela.

28.    A Rs. 5 crores insect museum with the state-of-the-art amenities was unveiled by Tamil Nadu CM K Palaniswamy at the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. The museum, established at a 6,691 sqft area, is fully dedicated to insects & is first of its kind in the country.

29.    In Rajasthan, Union Minister for Food Processing Industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal inaugurated the first mega food park of the state at Roopangarh village near Ajmer.

30.    Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of 55770  fully covered tribal habitations with the safe drinking water in the country followed by Odisha & Jharkhand. Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation informed that under the Scheme ‘National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP), 10% of the total allocation of funds is earmarked to be used for the supply of drinking water to Scheduled Tribe (ST) dominated habitations.


Defence Current Affairs :

1.       The apex anti-terror body National Investigation Agency (NIA) will be the nodal authority for probing cases of human trafficking after the government approved a proposal in this regard. The Cabinet approved the draft Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection & Rehabilitation) Bill, which also proposes a punishment of life imprisonment for repeat offenders. The draft Bill divides various offences into "trafficking" & "aggravated trafficking".

2.       The first-ever multi-nation naval exercise at sea, MILES-18, began at the Andaman sea. 11 naval ships of 8 countries & nine Indian ships are participating in the three-day exercise.
3.       Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba visited USA. It aims to consolidate relations between the Armed Forces of both the nations & to explore new avenues of defence co-operation.
4.       Indian Navy & the French Navy have conducted bilateral maritime exercises since May 1993. Since 2001, the exercises have been named VARUNA & there have been fifteen editions of the same till date. This year too VARUNA-18 would be conducted in three sea areas, namely, the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal & South Western Indian Ocean.
5.       General Bipin Rawat, Chief of the Army Staff released a book on Paramveer Chakra Awardees - ‘Paramveer Parwane’.  It is written by Dr Prabhakiran Jain & is published by Medha Books.
6.       INS Ganga, an indigenously built frigate of the Indian Navy, was decommissioned in Mumbai after over three decades of service. Commissioned in December 1985, the ship represented a big step forward in the nation's warship building capability.
7.       The world’s biggest cruise-liner, Symphony of the Seas, has left the shipyard of Saint-Nazaire in France to embark on its maiden voyage in the Mediterranean. French shipbuilder STX handed over to U.S. giant Royal Caribbean International. The ship, which weighs 228,000 tonnes, is 362 metres long just 20 metres shy of the length of the Empire State Building.

Miscellaneous Topics :

1.       Vietnamese President Tran Dai Quang arrived in India. He is scheduled to hold delegation level talks with PM Narendra Modi in New Delhi. Strengthening cooperation in the key areas of defence & trade will be high on the agenda.

2.       German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier will arrive in New Delhi on a five-day visit to India. This will be his first visit to India as the President of Germany. He will visit Varanasi. Germany is India’s largest trading partner in Europe & the 6th largest trading partner in the world.
3.       President Ram Nath Kovind visited Varanasi on a one-day visit to Uttar Pradesh. During his temple city visit, Mr Kovind laid the foundation stone of five projects of the National Highway Authority of India.
4.       ISRO successfully launched the GSLV-F08 carrying the GSAT6A communication satellite from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. GSLV Mk II (F08) carrying GSAT-6A took off from the second launch pad in Sriharikota.
5.       Union Minister for Information & Broadcasting & Textiles, Smriti Zubin Irani inaugurated FICCI Frames 2018, in Mumbai. She also released the FICCI-EY Media & Entertainment Report 2018 named 'Re-imagining India's M&E Sector'.
6.       India's first helicopter taxi service was launched in Bengaluru to fly passengers from Kempegowda International Airport to Electronic City. The service is expected to reduce the time taken to cover the distance from 2 hours to 15 minutes.
7.       The headquarters of Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) has been shifted from Chennai to Haryana's Ballabhgarh for "better coordination" between the environment ministry & the board.
8.       The Union Housing Ministry has launched 'I-Metros', an association of all-India metro rail companies, which will act as a forum of exchange of ideas & innovations.
9.       The Centre has constituted a three-member Mahanadi Water Disputes Tribunal to adjudicate the dispute between Odisha & Chhattisgarh over sharing the river's water. Supreme Court Judge AM Khanwilkar will be the Chairman of the tribunal, with Justice Ravi Ranjan of the Patna High Court & Justice Indermeet Kaur Kochhar of the Delhi High Court being the other two members.
10.    India's tallest national flag was unfurled in Belagavi (also known as Belgaum) in Karnataka. Belagavi District Minister Ramesh Jarkiholi unfurled the 9,600 sq ft wide flag on a 110-metre-tall flagpole.
11.    Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director General of WHO met J.P. Nadda, Union Health & Family Welfare Minister in New Delhi. They discussed perspectives on national, regional & global public health program.
12.    Lok Sabha passed (without a debate) a bill that will exempt political parties from the scrutiny of funds they have received from abroad since 1976. One of them was an amendment to the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 that bans overseas corporations from funding political parties.
13.    President Ram Nath Kovind released coins in denominations of Rs 10 & Rs 1,000 commemorating Lord Jagannath's Nabakalebara festival observed in July 2015. He unveiled the coins at the centenary celebration of Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan in Puri, Odisha.
14.    Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) has been certified as the world’s first Trusted Digital Repository as per ISO standard.
15.    Indian Railway Catering & Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) has introduced billing through Point of Sale (POS) hand-held machines in trains to check overcharging by vendors.
16.    Jackfruit attained a respected status with the state government declaring it as the official fruit of Kerala. Kerala has been producing around 30 to 60 crore jackfruits every year.
17.    The Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) under the Department of Biotechnology celebrated its sixth foundation day in New Delhi with the launching of a partnership with PerkinElmer (the US-based multinational corporation).
18.    The First Indian Sign Language Dictionary of 3000 words was launched by Thaawarchand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment at a function. The dictionary has been developed by Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre (ISLR&TC) under Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD).
19.    At the function in New Delhi, the Health Secretary Smt. Preeti Sudan, released the TB INDIA 2018 Report & National Drug Resistance Survey Report. She also launched the 'NikshayAushadi Portal' & shorter regimen for Drug Resistant TB. She further stated that the global target to end TB is 2030 but India will end it by 2025.
20.    Eighty-six years after the city got electricity, overhead power cables in world's oldest city 'Varanasi ' is being dismantled after a project to lay underground lines over 16 sq-km has been finally completed.
21.    Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden was opened for visitors in Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir. It is recognized as Asia's largest tulip garden.
22.    Six years after it applied for the Geographical Indications (GI) tag for Kadaknath, a chicken breed whose black meat is in demand in some quarters, Madhya Pradesh has got the coveted label.

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