Nipah virus recent outbreak in India : Symptoms, Preventions and Cure

Nipah Virus:

Kerala is on high alert as a deadly virus called 'Nipah' (NiV) claimed six lives in the state. The central government on 21 May, sent a multi-disciplinary Central team from the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) to the district in the wake of deaths due to Nipah virus outbreak.

This Nipah virus has already caused 10 deaths in the Indian state of Kerala, including a 31 year-old nurse who was treating the infected.
All you need to know about the deadly Nipah virus is here:

What is Nipah virus?

The Nipah virus is a recently rising disease that can be transmitted to humans from animals and also transmitted from person to personThis name comes from Sungai Nipah, the Malaysian town where it was first distinguished in 1998.An outbreak there among pigs left around 300 individuals tainted and above 100 individuals dead inside a year. From 1998 to 2015, more than 600 cases of Nipah virus human infections were reported. While trying to stop the outbreak, a large number of pigs were euthanized (Animal euthanasia is the act of putting an animal to death by medical measures), bringing about an enormous trade loss for Malaysia at the time.

How is the Nipah virus transmitted?

Recent outbreaks have demonstrated that the Nipah virus is transmitted through direct contact with infected people or tamed creatures, for example- pigs and cattles.It is likewise gone on through the utilization of sullied organic products. In 2004, a Nipah virus outbreak in Bangladesh happened when individuals drank crude date palm sap. Research into this outbreak uncovered that the natural product had been infected with bat saliva and urine. 
The current outbreak in Kerala is thought to have been caused by dead bats found in a well of a family's home in the town of Changaroth. The contamination purportedly spread among relatives and was passed on to other people who had been in contact with the family.
Thus Nipah virus transmitted through:
  1. People working with pigs and consuming pigs.
  2. Farmers who come in contact with bats.
  3. Consuming Fruits which are already bitten by bat.
  4. Contact with people who already have Nipah virus infection. 

What are the symptoms of Nipah Virus?

According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,Nipah virus can result in an aggressive inflammation of the brain called encephalitis. The first signs of infection appearing after 3 to 14 days.

Nipah Virus
Initial symptoms include fever, vomiting and headaches. Some patients also experience acute respiratory syndrome. These initial symptoms are followed by disorientation, drowsiness and mental confusion. Within one to two days the disease can result in coma and death. The Nipah virus has a mortality rate of 70 percent.

What is the treatment of Nipah virus?

Till now there is no vaccine to cure the Nipah virus, neither for humans nor animals. The only treatment option is supportive and infected patients may require intensive care. Affected persons are put into quarantine to prevent the spread of the disease.

How can you protect yourself from Nipah virus?

  1. Avoid contact with pigs and pig handlers.
  2. People in affected areas should avoid exposure and contact with sick people.
  3. Maintain personal hygiene and intensive hand washing practices.
  4. Avoid consuming raw fruits, Consume only well cooked, clean, home made food till the outbreak settles down.
  5. Preferably use N95 mask while travelling or working in public places to avoid person to person transmission.
  6. Be aware of the symptoms and report to the doctor immediately for early diagnosis and treatment.
  7. Also to educating the public and giving specific instructions about general infection control practices and the consumption of fruits.

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