Governor rule in Jammu and Kashmir after Political Crisis : Reasons and Implications

Jammu and Kashmir Political Crisis : Introduction

  • Jammu and Kashmir's ruling party collapsed on 19 June as the BJP pulled out support from CM Mehbooba Mufti's People's Democratic Party (PDP). 
  • The decision to walk out of the Jammu and Kashmir government was taken in a meeting convened by BJP president Amit Shah. The meeting was attended by all the BJP ministers in the Jammu and Kashmir government.
  • Parties alliance had strained over a range of issues with the saffron party ministers and leaders in Jammu and Kashmir complaining against Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti's style of functioning.
  • The decision to withdraw from the government came a day after suspension of ceasefire in Kashmir Valley.
  • The signs of this political crisis were there for months, but the final break-up still surprised Ms Mufti, who gave her resignation to Governor NN Vohra shortly after the BJP's announcement. she told reporters that Our agenda was healing touch, we can't treat Jammu and Kashmir as enemy territory.
  • Where as defending the move, senior BJP leader Ram Madhav said that It had become untenable to continue with the PDP government in Kashmir.

Reasons that leads to BJP-PDP alliance crash:

  • Rise in militancy
The BJP said that the Mehbooba Mufti government failed to contain militancy and radicalisation of youth in the Kashmir Valley. "The situation in Kashmir Valley has deteriorated. Radicalisation is on rise," Ram Madhav, the BJP general secretary and incharge of Jammu and Kashmir, said today in New Delhi. After the central government decided not to extend the Ramzan ceasefire on anti-terror operations. The peace initiative was Mehbooba Mufti's idea. "We brought in unilateral ceasefire which brought a lot of relief to the people. We can't have a muscular policy in Jammu and Kashmir.We weren't a part of an alliance just for power," Ms Mufti said.
  • Kathua rape and murder
The rift between the parties widened after the rape of an eight-year-old in Kathua. State BJP leaders were seen to support the men accused of kidnapping, gang-raping and killing the child from a Muslim tribal community. Two BJP lawmakers even participated in a rally to demand justice for the arrested men, all Hindus.The local BJP leaders wanted a CBI inquiry into the incident while Mehbooba Mufti preferred probe by Jammu and Kashmir police.

In the days following Kathua rape and murder, the BJP was being seen losing ground in Jammu region. The incident had gained a communal twist with rallies being held in support and against the accused.
  • Mehbooba's Kashmir-centric approach
At the time of formation of the BJP-PDP government in 2015, the election had resulted in a fractured mandate. The BJP won majority of seats in Jammu while PDP emerged largest in Kashmir Valley. But with Mehbooba Mufti replacing father Mufti Mohammed Sayeed after latter's death, the BJP resented an increasing focus of the government on Kashmir Valley.
The BJP complained that under Mehbooba Mufti, Kashmir Valley was being pampered at the cost of other regions of the state. The BJP does not have a strong presence in the Kashmir Valley while the regions of its influence were being allegedly ignored. The BJP felt cornered in Jammu region which is the stronghold of the party.
  • Unilateral decisions by Mehbooba Mufti
The BJP leaders of Jammu and Kashmir are believed to have complained Mehbooba Mufti was taking unilateral decisions in the matter of governance and BJP was not being given due importance. PDP took unilateral decision to release stone pelters, not to relocate Bakkarwalas from the government's land and doling out land grants to religious outfit Ahle Hadees. On the other hand, the BJP could not secure any relief for those named in cases filed in incidents related to Amarnath land movement.

  • 2019 Lok Sabha Elections
Resolving Kashmir issue was one of the poll promises of the BJP in 2014. However, the situation on the ground has worsened in the last four years - both in the Valley and along the Line of Control. In a year's time, the BJP will be seeking votes and if the situation in Kashmir Valley doesn't improve, Prime Minister Narendra Modi's image of a strong leader would take a beating.

The BJP-led government has advocated a hawkish policy towards Kashmiri separatists and militants. The PDP was being seen as an obstruction in carrying out anti-terror plans devised by the security forces. With Governor's rule in Jammu and Kashmir, the Modi government would be in a better position to implement its policy to tackle separatism and militancy in the Valley.

Governor rule in Jammu and Kashmir :

  • Last evening 19 June, Governor NN Vohra had forwarded a report to President Kovind for imposing Governor's rule in J&K under Section 92 of the Constitution, after holding widespread consultation with all the political parties. 
  • President Ram Nath Kovind today approved the imposition of governor's rule in Jammu and Kashmir, a day after the BJP pulled out of its alliance with the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • The imposition of governor’s rule in J&K is slightly different than that in other states. In other states, the president’s rule is imposed under the Article 356 of Constitution of India. In J&K, governor’s rule is mentioned under Article 370 section 92 – ‘ Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in the State.’ 

Governor's Rule for the 8th time since 1977:

The current Governor in Jammu and Kashmir is Narinder Nath Vohra. His term comes to an end on 25 June, but until a new Governor is appointed, his term would be extended.
ssbspot.com
Governor rule in Jammu and Kashmir after Political Crisis
Government is in favour of appointing a person from an Army background as the next Governor of Jammu and Kashmir. The name that is on top is that of Syed Ata Hasnain and 2nd is Mr. G D Bakshi.
Syed Ata Hasnain has very good knowledge of Kashmir and has handled the crisis back in 2010 well, which earned him praises.
Governor's rule in Jammu and Kashmir:
  • March 1977
Governor's Rule was imposed for the first time on March 26, 1977 during the tenure of Governor L K Jha after state Congress -- then headed by Sayeed -- withdrew support to the minority government of Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah of National Conference. Sheikh had come to the power following an accord with then prime minister Indira Gandhi in 1975.

The Governor's Rule lasted for 105 days and ended as the National Conference founder returned to power in the Assembly polls.
  • March 1986
Governor's Rule was imposed for the second time in March 1986 after state Congress -- again headed by Sayeed -- withdrew support to the minority Government of Ghulam Mohammad Shah.

Shah became the Chief Minister after he led a rebellion with National Conference against his brother-in-law and then incumbent Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah in 1984.
This 246-day spell ended after Farooq Abdullah entered into an accord of his own with the then prime minister Rajiv Gandhi

  • January 1990
The third time Governor's Rule was imposed in January 1990 when Farooq Abdullah resigned as the chief minister over the appointment of Jagmohan as the Governor following the eruption of militancy in the state.

Sayeed was the Union Home Minister at that time and had brushed aside Farooq Abdullah's opposition to Jagmohan's appointment. This was the longest spell of Governor's Rule -- six years and 264 days -- which ended in October 1996 after National Conference returned to power in Assembly elections held after a gap of nine-and-a-half years.
  • October 2002
Governor's Rule had to be imposed in the state for the fourth time in October 2002 after caretaker Chief Minister Farooq Abdullah refused to continue in the office in the wake of his party's defeat in the assembly elections that year. The 2002 Assembly polls threw up a hung assembly with no party in a position to form a government on its own.

Sayeed, whose regional PDP had won 16 seats, negotiated an alliance with the Congress and dozen-odd independents to form the government, ending the 15-day direct Central rule on 1st March when Sayeed was sworn in as the chief minister.
It was the shortest spell of Governor's Rule -- 15 days -- as the PDP and Congress with support of 12 independents formed a government on November 2.

  • June 2008
Governor's Rule was imposed in the state for the fifth time for 174 days after the PDP withdrew support to Ghulam Nabi Azad-led Congress-PDP coalition government in 2008.

The PDP withdrew support to the government on June 28, 2008 following widespread protests during the Amarnath land row agitation that pitted Hindu-dominated Jammu region against the Muslim-majority Kashmir valley.
Azad was to seek a vote of confidence in the Legislative Assembly on July-7 but chose to resign instead. The central rule came to an end on January 5, 2009 after NC leader Omar Abdullah was sworn in as the youngest chief minister of the state.
It was for the first time that Governor's Rule was imposed during the tenure of Vohra.

  • December 2014
The Governor's Rule was imposed in the state for the sixth time after the assembly election results on December 23, 2014 threw up a hung assembly with no party or combination of parties able to stake claim for government formation and Omar Abdullah, the caretaker chief minister, asking to be relieved from the duties with immediate effect on January 7.

The central rule ended after the PDP and the BJP stitched an alliance paving the way for the return of Mufti Sayeed as chief minister on March 1, 2015.
  • January 2016
With the process of a new government formation in the state following the death of Chief Minister Mufti Mohammad Sayeed taking time, the state was placed under Governor's Rule. When Governor's Rule was imposed for the seventh time in 2016 and the third during Vohra's tenure, Omar Abdullah had said imposition of Governor's Rule during Vohra's tenure "must be a record in itself".

  • June 2018
The BJP pulled out of its alliance with the PDP on 21 June, saying it has become impossible to continue in the government in view of the growing radicalism and terrorism in the state.

After Mufti resigned as the Chief Minister, NN Vohra forwarded his report to the President of India for the imposition of Governor’s Rule under Section 92 of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir.

Implications of Governor rule in Jammu and Kashmir:

Since an Army personnel will be the Governor of Jammu and Kashmir, it is good to control or illuminate terrorist threats in valley and also to control the stone pelters and riots.
A better way of rule can be seen their or situations may got worse.
lets count to the tik tok and see what happens next after all this is all politics.

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