July 2018 Current Affairs

July 2018 Current Affairs - Latest Current Affairs

Latest Current Affairs 2018 for competitive exams UPSC, AFCAT, TNPSC, IAS, RRB and Latest Affairs 2018 for banking exams IBPS PO Clerk, SBI, RBI and more. Read daily affairs, this beneficial Affairs 2018 resource yields the facts about the events of International affairs, National, Sports, Business, Banking Current Affairs of 2018 and more which are betterment for the Government & Private Job aspirants.
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July 2018 Current Affairs 

July 2018 Current Affairs :

National Current Affairs:

*      Lok Sabha passed the Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017 which has the provision of allowing a court trying an offence related to cheque bouncing, to direct the drawer to pay interim compensation to the complainant.  The interim compensation will not exceed 20% of the cheque amount & will have to be paid by the drawer within 60 days of the trial court’s order to pay such a compensation.

*      Parliament approved a legislation to help the government bring back fugitives involved in white-collar crimes to stand trial in India. The fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018 will become law after the President’s assent & will empower the government to seize both local & overseas assets of alleged offenders, such as Vijay Mallya, Nirav Modi & Mehul Choksi.
*      Union Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas & Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Pradhan laid the foundation stone for permanent campus of National Skill Training Institute (NSTI) for Women at Mohali, Punjab. This is the first NSTI Institute for Punjab & only one of its kind in India which is exclusively for women. 
*      Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare Minister Radha Mohan Singh notified the "National Policy on Marine Fisheries, 2017", which will guide the development of marine fisheries sector for the next 10 years. This was declared at the inter-session meeting of the consultative committee of the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare on “Marine Fisheries-Mariculture in India” in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu.
*      Supreme Court held that Lieutenant Governor does not have independent decision-making powers,  & is bound to act on the aid & advice of the Council of Ministers.
*      The India-Korea Technology Exchange Centre inaugurated by the Minister of State (I/C) MSME Giriraj Singh & Minister of SMEs & Start-ups of Republic of Korea, Hong Jong- hak in New Delhi. The purpose this is to create a platform for micro, small & medium enterprises of India & Korea.
*      PM Modi inaugurated the new Headquarters building of the Archaeological Survey of India in New Delhi.
*      India & the United Kingdom signed an agreement on the exchange of experience by legal professionals & government functionaries for resolution of disputes before various courts & tribunals.
*      India become the 69th shareholder of the European Bank for Reconstruction & Development (EBRD). This move paved the way for more joint investment with Indian companies across the bank’s regions of operation.
*      PM Modi laid the foundation stone of important projects, cumulatively worth over Rs. 900 crore in Varanasi. Among the projects inaugurated are the Varanasi City Gas Distribution Project & the Varanasi-Ballia MEMU train. He also laid the Foundation Stone for an International Convention Centre in Varanasi. He also laid the Foundation Stone of the 340 km long Poorvanchal Expressway in Azamgarh in Uttar Pradesh.
*      India become the Vice-Chair (Regional Head) of the Asia Pacific Region of  World Customs Organisation (WCO) for a period of two years (from July 2018 to June 2020). The underlying Theme of the Inaugural Ceremony is “Customs – Fostering Trade Facilitation”. 
*      PM Modi dedicated the Bansagar Canal Project to the Nation in Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh. This project will provide a big boost to irrigation in the region, & will be greatly beneficial for the farmers of Mirzapur & Allahabad districts of Uttar Pradesh.
*      Union Minister for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Dharmendra Pradhan announced that the Centre is planning to set up one National Skill Training Institute (NSTI) in every State to meet the rising demand for skilled manpower in the country. He laid the foundation stone of country’s first such skill training institute in Bhubaneswar, Odisha.
*      India has been elected new President of Asian Tug of War Federation. India's Gautam Kaul won the prestigious post in the Federations' Executive Committee elections held in Kathmandu, Nepal. This is the first time when India has been elected to lead the organisation.
*      India & Ghana signed two agreements in an effort to enhance the bilateral cooperation between the two countries. The two MOUs on Cultural Exchange Programme & on cooperation between Bureau of Indian Standards & Ghana Standards Authority were signed.
*      Indian Government has announced the launch of a new MicroDot Technology that would help check on vehicle thefts.
*      The hotel named 'Hostess' was launched by Kerala Tourism minister Kadakampally Surendran. 'Hostess', India's public sector hotel run entirely by women for women is claimed to be the first such in the country.
*      Odisha CM Patnaik inaugurated the Rs 300 crore Rukura Medium Irrigation Dam project in Sundargarh district.
*      PM Modi launched projects worth Rs. 60,000 crore at the ground-breaking ceremony in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.
*      Actress Kangana Ranaut & Chhattisgarh CM Raman Singh launched a smartphone distribution scheme called 'Mobile Tihar' under Sanchar Kranti Yojna.
*      Jharkhand CM Raghubar Das announced that the first 'Khadi Mall' of the country that will be opened in Jharkhand.
*      Numaligarh Refinery Ltd (NRL) in Assam has become the first oil public sector undertaking (PSU) to adopt an online legal compliance system by introducing 'Legatrix'.
*      Union minister of chemicals & Fertilisers Ananth Kumar announced that the country’s first e-waste recycling unit will come up in Bengaluru, Karnataka. The unit is in keeping with the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan drive.
*      Union Minister of State for Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) Dr Jitendra Singh attended the famous Meghalaya Annual Cultural Festival, "Behdienkhlam", at the small peripheral town of Jowai, Meghalaya.
*      In a first, the Uttarakhand High Court accorded the status of ‘legal person or entity’ to the animals in the state.
*      Madhya Pradesh CM Shivraj Singh Chauhan inaugurated state-run power giant National Thermal Power Corporation Limited (NTPC) 250 MW Solar Power Plant in Mandsaur.
*      The first of world’s cheapest drinking water project launched in Darbhanga district, Bihar. It would be managed by Self Help group of Darbhanga Nagar Nigam.
*      President Kovind approved the Assam Witch Hunting (Prohibition, Prevention & Protection) Bill, 2015, converting it to an Act, almost three years after it was passed by the state Assembly. It aimed at eliminating the superstition from the society, imposes a punishment of up to seven years & a fine of up to Rs. 5 lakh.


International Current Affairs:

*      Pakistan got its first-ever woman Chief Justice of a high court. Justice Tahira Safdar was named as the Chief Justice of the Balochistan High Court.
*      United States eased export controls for high-technology product sales to India by elevating its status to a Strategic Trade Authorisation-1 (STA-1) country. With the move, the United States has granted India the same access as NATO allies, Australia, Japan & South Korea.
*      The ninth & final meeting of Eminent Persons Group (EPG) on Nepal-India Relations concluded in Kathmandu, Nepal. EPG is a joint mechanism consisting of experts & intellectuals from India & Nepal.
*      Asia's first arbitration centre specialised in intellectual property is slated to open in Tokyo in September 2018 to resolve the growing number of disputes in the region.
*      The world’s first digital art museum opened its doors to the public in Tokyo, Japan.
*      UN member states approved a 6.69 billion US Dollar budget for 13 peacekeeping operations for the year 2018-19.
*      The Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport (MRIA) would be operated as a Sri Lanka-India joint venture. The $210 million facility, 241km south-east of Colombo, is dubbed the “world’s emptiest airport” due to a lack of flights.
*      UN Security Council adopted a resolution 2427, aimed at a framework for mainstreaming protection, rights, well-being & empowerment of children throughout the conflict cycle. Resolution 2427, strongly condemns the recruitment & use of children by parties to armed conflict as well as their re-recruitment, killing & maiming, rape & other forms of sexual violence, abductions.
*      US President Donald Trump & his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin held the first summit at Helsinki in Finland. Host Finland President Sauli Niinisto met Trump before Trump & Putin sit down to a bilateral meeting first without aides & then with their teams of support staff.
*      External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj co-chaired the second joint commission meeting with her Bahraini counterpart Shaikh Khalid Bin Ahmed Bin Mohamed Al Khalifa. Issues of trade, investment & counter-terror cooperation discussed at the joint commission meeting. She jointly inaugurated impressive Embassy of India Complex in Manama.
*      European Union (EU) & Japan signed an Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA). It was signed at EU-Japan summit in Tokyo by EU Presidents Jean-Claude Juncker & Donald Tusk & Japanese PM Shinzo Abe. It is biggest ever trade deal negotiated by the EU & creates free trade zone covering nearly third of the world’s GDP.
*      UN Environment Programme (UNEP) entered into a partnership with Google to monitor the impacts of human activity on global ecosystems by using sophisticated online tools. It was launched during a High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development at United Nations (UN) headquarters in New York.
*      US State Department announced that the inaugural ‘two-plus-two dialogue’ between India & the United States will be held in New Delhi on September 6. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo & Defence Secretary James Mattis will travel to India for the dialogue with External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj & Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman.
*      Myanmar joined the India-initiated International Solar Alliance (ISA), thus, becoming the 68th signatory to the Framework Agreement of the ISA that aims for optimum utilisation of solar energy.

Defence Current Affairs:

*      An Indian Air Force contingent comprising of four Su-30 MKI fighter aircraft landed at Darwin Air Force Base, Australia for participating in the Exercise Pitch Black-2018.

*      Unified Commanders’ Conference (UCC) for the year 2018 held in New Delhi. The Annual Conference provides a platform for discussions at the Apex Level on all ‘Joint Issues’ amongst the three Services & Ministry of Defence.
*      Major General VD Dogra became the first serving Indian Army officer & the only General across the world to have completed a gruelling ‘Ironman’ competition held in Austria.
*      National Security Guard will be the first central paramilitary force to opt for e-ticketing instead of the railway warrant under an agreement signed with the IRCTC.
*      India's latest frontline warship INS Trikand reached Sri Lanka in a goodwill visit. INS Trikand is a state-of-the-art warship of the Indian Navy equipped with a versatile range of weapons & sensors capable of addressing threats in all three dimensions - air, surface & sub-surface.
*      India’s first private sector unit for manufacturing Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAV) & light bulletproof vehicles (LBPV) will be set up by DCM Shriram Industries Group on the campus of Shriram Rayons in Kota, Rajasthan.
*      An MoU was signed between the Indian Army & State Bank of India on the Defence Salary Package.
*      India's supersonic cruise missile (SCM) BrahMos was test fired from Odisha's Chandipur range launch pad under extreme conditions. The test was conducted in order to increase the longevity of its life. The missile can cruise at speeds of up to Mach 3.0, or three times the speed of sound.
*      Militaries of India & Pakistan will be part of a mega anti-terror drill in Russia named "Peace Mission" in August 2018 which is being organised by the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO). It will be joined by all SCO member countries including Russia, China, Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan & Uzbekistan.
*      Defence public sector undertaking Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) has signed an MoU with Saab, Sweden, for jointly marketing the L-Band 3D Air Surveillance Radar, RAWL-03, co-developed by BEL & Saab. BEL joined hands with Saab, Sweden & the US, to market the Long Range Air Surveillance Radar, a cost-effective L Band three dimensional radar.
*      One of the country’s first Defence incubators will come up in Hyderabad, which is India’s missile development centre & fast emerging the hub for aerospace industries. The incubator will be housed at T-Hub. It will be funded through the Ministry’s Innovation for Defence Excellence (iDEX) scheme. Under the scheme research in the fields of Aerospace & Defence by MSMEs, start-ups, research institutions, educational institutions are to be funded.
*      As part of Indo-US Bilateral Defence Cooperation, the 7th Defence Technology & Trade Initiative (DTTI) meeting held between India & the US delegation in New Delhi. It was co-chaired by, Secretary (Defence Production), Dr Ajay Kumar & under Secretary of Defence for Acquisition & Sustainment, DoD, US Government Ms Ellen M Lord.


Miscellaneous:

*      Shivangi Pathak, who became the youngest Indian woman to reach the peak of Mount Everest, has added another feather to her cap by scaling Africa's highest peak, Mount Kilimanjaro in 3 days.
*      A city college student, Prabhat Koli (19), who crossed the English Channel when he was 16, has become the first Asian to swim the choppy water from Jersey (an Island in the UK) to France in cold weather.
*      Bhitarkanika National Park (Odisha) has become the largest habitat of the endangered estuarine crocodiles in the country with a record number of their nesting sites spotted in it.
*      Khadi & Village Industries Commission (KVIC) launched its, in-house developed,single-umbrella e-marketing system named Khadi Institution Management & Information System (KIMIS) in New Delhi.
*      Law Commission recommended that gambling & betting on sports, including cricket, be allowed as regulated activities taxable under the direct & indirect tax regimes & used as a source for attracting foreign direct investment (FDI).
*      Airports Authority of India (AAI) will set up a state-of-the-art Civil Aviation Research Organization (CARO) at Hyderabad’s Begumpet Airport to find indigenous solutions to meet the challenges posed by the growing air traffic & for enhancing safety, capacity & efficiency of aircraft operations in the country.
*      Union Environment Ministry issued a notification setting noise standards for all airports across the country. The rules state that busy airports a civil airport with more than 50,000 aircraft movements per year (take-off or a landing) should not  exceed noise levels beyond 75 dB(A) Leq (decibels) during the daytime (6am to 10pm) & 65 dBA during the night (10pm to 6am).
*      NITI Aayog unveiled the blueprint of 'National Health Stack' (NHS), a shared digital healthcare infrastructure. As per the consultation paper titled ‘National Health Stack Strategy an Approach’, the National Health Stack will facilitate the collection of comprehensive healthcare data across the country.
*      Under the guidance of Piyush Goyal, Minister of Finance, Corporate Affairs, Railways & Coal, in order to capture the lost traffic through the new delivery model for domestic cargo, Indian Railways has introduced Double Stack Dwarf Container Services. This train was booked from the Reliance Rail Siding at Kanalus to Rewari in the state of Haryana.
*      Union Government has granted the Institutions of Eminence (IoEs) status to six institutions including 3 from Public Sector & 3 from Private Sector. Three Public Universities granted the Institutions of Eminence (IoEs) status: 1. IIT-Bombay, 2. IIT-Delhi,  3. IISc Bangalore.
*      Three Private Universities granted the Institutions of Eminence (IoEs) status: 1. Jio Institute by Reliance Foundation,  2. BITS Pilani, 3. Manipal Academy of Higher Education.
*      Satyarup Siddhanta become the second Indian mountaineer after Malli Mastan Babu to climb Mt Ojos del Salado, the highest volcano in the world.  Ojos del Salado is a stratovolcano (a volcano built up of alternate layers of lava & ash) in the Andes on the Argentina-Chile border.
*      Railways launched its first consolidated Bridge Management System, a web-enabled IT application to store data on its one lakh 50 thousand bridges.
*      Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation launches the Swachh Survekshan Grameen 2018 (SSG 2018) in the Delhi. An independent survey agency will conduct the survey in all districts & the results will be announced in the form of a ranking of all districts & states on the basis of quantitative & qualitative sanitation parameters.
*      Archaeological Survey of India decided to allow photography within the premises of all centrally protected monuments/sites. However, the 3 monuments/sites in which the photography would not be permitted are Ajanta Caves & Leh Palace having paintings, & Mausoleum of Taj Mahal, Agra.

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