December 2018 Current Affairs - The Hindu review

December 2018 Current Affairs - Latest Current Affairs

Latest Current Affairs 2018 for competitive exams UPSC, AFCAT, TNPSC, IAS, RRB and Latest Affairs 2018 for banking exams IBPS PO Clerk, SBI, RBI and more. Read daily affairs, this beneficial Affairs 2018 resource yields the facts about the events of International affairs, National, Sports, Business, Banking Current Affairs of 2018 and more which are betterment for the Government & Private Job aspirants.

December 2018 Current Affairs :

National Current Affairs :

*       The High-Level Committee (HLC) chaired by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh approved additional assistance of Rs 1,146.12 crore from the National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) to Tamil Nadu, which was affected by cyclone ‘Gaja’.

*       PM Modi unfurled 150-feet tall tricolor to mark Netaji’s hoisting of the national flag 75 years ago in Port Blair. The three renamed islands of Andaman & Nicobar are: Ross renamed as Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Dweep | Neil renamed as Shaheed Dweep | Havelock renamed as Swaraj Dweep.
*       Union government declared the Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF), a banned organization. Home Ministry order stated the decision was taken under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act 1967.
*       Union Cabinet approved the Gaganyaan project under which a three-member crew will be sent to space for at least seven days. The project will cost INR 10,000 crores. PM stated that the mission will be undertaken by 2022.
*       PM Modi announced Rs. 4,500 crore financial assistance to Bhutan for its 12th five-year plan after holding wide-ranging talks with his Bhutanese counterpart Lotay Tshering.
*       PM Modi inaugurated the Bogibeel bridge in Assam. The 4.94-kilometer long Bogibeel bridge on Brahmaputra river will connect the two northeast states of Assam & Arunachal Pradesh.
Important Facts about the Bogibeel bridge:

  1. The 4.9 km-long Bogibeel Bridge on the Brahmaputra river is India’s only fully welded bridge for which European codes & welding standards were adhered to for the first time in the country.
  2. The bridge is constructed at an estimated cost of 5,800 crore rupees.
  3. The bridge has a two-line railway track on the lower deck & a three-lane road on the top deck.
  4. For the first time in Indian Railways, the girder has steel floor system for railway tracks & concrete for road.
  5. The bridge reduces travel time from Assam to Arunachal Pradesh to four hours & will cut out the detour of over 170 km via Tinsukia.

*       National Accreditation Board for Certification Bodies (NABCB), India’s national accreditation body, secured equivalence for its accreditation programme for Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems (OHSMS) Certification Bodies in Asia- Pacific region. It has signed the Multilateral Recognition Arrangement (MLA) of the Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (PAC).
*       The 20-year old Indian woman Vedangi Kulkarni becomes the fastest Asian to cycle the globe. She had completed 29,000 kilometres’ distance required to qualify as bicycling across the globe.
*       Union Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change launched the “Asiatic Lion Conservation Project” to protect & conserve the population of Asiatic Lion & its associated ecosystem.
*       Lok Sabha passed the Consumer Protection Bill, 2018 that seeks to replace the Consumer Protection Act, 1986. The Bill enforces consumer rights & provides a mechanism for redressal of complaints regarding deficiencies in goods & services. It seeks to establish Consumer Disputes Redressal Commissions at District, State & National levels.
*       India’s largest cancer institute, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) has been soft launched at Haryana’s Jhajjar area. The institute was finalised at a cost of Rs 2,035 crores.
*       Lok Sabha passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2016 which is aimed at prohibiting commercial surrogacy & unethical practices relating to it. The Bill has provisions to constitute National Surrogacy Board, State Surrogacy Boards, & appointment of appropriate authorities for regulation of surrogacy. It permits surrogacy only for couples who cannot conceive a child. The intending couple must be Indian citizens & married for at least five years with at least one of them being infertile.
*       NITI Aayog unveiled its comprehensive national Strategy for New India titled ‘Strategy for New India @75’, which defines clear objectives for 2022-23. The document was released by FM Arun Jaitley. The Strategy Document advocates empowering & encouraging women to participate across all sectors of the economy, to build a strong & inclusive New India.
*       India’ first private sector unit for manufacturing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) opened at Adani Aerospace Park in Hyderabad. It is built by the Adani Group & Israel-based Elbit Systems.
*       Ministry of Power launched the ECO Niwas Samhita 2018, an Energy Conservation Building Code for Residential Buildings (ECBC-R).
*       To give a fillip to the medical device sector, which is a sunrise sector, Union Minister of Commerce & Industry & Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu, announced setting up of a National Medical Devices Promotion Council under the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP) in the Ministry of Commerce & Industry. The Council will be headed by Secretary, DIPP. Note: 4th WHO Global Forum on Medical Devices, at Andhra Pradesh Medtech Zone, in Vishakhapatnam.
*       Delhi High Court ordered a ban on the sale of online medicines by e-pharmacists across the country.
*       India’s first Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence established by the European Union was inaugurated at the Department of European Studies (DES) at Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal by Ambassador of the European Union (EU) to India & Bhutan, Tomasz Kozlowski.
*       In a bid to make retirement income scheme more attractive for central government employees, govt. agreed to chip in a higher 14% of the basic salary of an individual as its contribution to the National Pension System (NPS). Currently, the minimum employee contribution in NPS is 10% of basic pay.
*       Government sanctioned 254 projects worth over 24 thousand crore rupees under National Mission for Clean Ganga. Announcement was made at the India Water Impact Summit 2018 in New Delhi.
*       South African President Cyril Ramaphosa will be the Chief Guest at the 2019 Republic Day celebrations in New Delhi.
*       Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has launched the ‘Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee International Schools’ for students in rural areas.

*       ‘Atal Ayushman Uttarakhand Yojana’ launched in Uttarakhand. Under the scheme, each household in the state will be able to avail medical treatment of up to 5 lakh rupees annually. The scheme will benefit 23 lakh households & cover 1,350 critical diseases. CM Trivendra Singh Rawat stated that all the households have been included under the scheme.
*       Madhya Pradesh State government has declared Kuno wildlife sanctuary as a national park.
*       The separate High Court for Andhra Pradesh will start functioning from January 1. Ministry of Law & Justice notified the constitution of the High Court in Amaravati. Andhra Pradesh High Court will be the 25th High Court in the country.
*       In Assam, the third Dwijing Festival held on the bank of Aye river at Chirang district.
*       Home Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated 19th Hornbill Festival in Nagaland on 55th Nagaland Statehood Day.
*       In a move to reinforce brand Naveen & give it a national perspective after the success of the Hockey Men’s World Cup, Odisha Government launched an initiative, Peoples Empowerment – Enabling Transparency & Accountability of Odisha Initiatives (PEETHA). The Scheme is aimed at creating awareness about various schemes & improving transparency in the distribution of individual & social benefits. This is part of the 3T initiative of Technology, Transparency & Team Work model.
*       Maharashtra State government launched an ambitious project State of Maharashtra Agribusiness & Rural Transformation (SMART) in 10,000 villages with an objective to achieve sustainable farming within the next three years. The project SMART will be assisted by the World Bank.
*       Kannur international Airport-KIAL in Kerala began its operations.
*       Jammu & Kashmir has become the first state in the country to enact a law banning sexual exploitation of women “by those in positions of authority, having a fiduciary relationship or a public servant”, Under Section 354E of the Ranbir Penal Code (RPC).
*       Assam government announced three schemes for the welfare of farmers. The schemes are the Assam Farmers’ Credit Subsidy Scheme (AFCSS), Assam Farmers’ Interest Relief Scheme (AFIRS) & Assam Farmers’ Incentive Scheme (AFIS). State Finance Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma stated that all three schemes will cover five lakh farmers in the first phase. Under AFCSS, whatever amount of loan the farmers took from banks & whatever amount they repaid, 25% of the money will be reimbursed by the state government. On AFIRS, the Minister Stated that currently 3% of the 7% interest against farm loan is paid by the Central government & the remaining 4% is required to be paid by farmers. State govt. decided to pay the remaining 4% loan. About AFIS, the government is focusing on bringing back the defaulting farmers into the banking system.
*       Odisha CM Naveen Patnaik announced a Rs. 10,000 crore scheme for the overall development of farmers. Named Krushak Assistance for Livelihood & Income Augmentation (KALIA), the scheme will provide farmers with Rs. 10,000 a year at the rate of Rs. 5,000 each for Kharif & Rabi season. Additionally, crop loans of up to Rs. 50,000 will be interest-free under the scheme.
*       Manipur Assembly passed a bill which recommends life imprisonment for those involved in mob violence if it results in the death of a person.



International Current Affairs:

*       Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s alliance won Bangladesh’s election with a thumping majority, the country’s Election Commission announced. It gave her a third straight term. The alliance dominated by her Awami League, won 287 of the 298 seats.
*       Pakistan’s cabinet approved the issuance of first-ever renminbi-denominated ‘Panda Bonds’ to raise loans from China’s capital markets, as the country moved a step forward to give the Chinese currency status at par with the US dollar.

*       A 33-year-old man Colin O’Brady from the United States has become the first person to complete a solo trek across Antarctica without any assistance. He finished the 1,500km journey across the frozen continent in 54 days.
*       Nepal imposed a monthly limit on the amount of Indian currency its citizen can spend in India. A spokesperson of the Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) stated that a Nepali citizen would be unable to spend more than INR 1 lakh per month.
*       Turkmenistan launched its first messaging app BizBarde. It will allow the exchange of messages, files, photos & videos.
*       In a landmark policy shift, Japan formally announced that it would withdraw from the International Whaling Commission (IWC) & resume commercial whaling in its territorial waters next year for the first time in more than 30 years.
*       Indian firm India Ports Global Limited formally took over the operations of Chabahar’s Shaheed Behesti port in Iran, which opens a trade route between India & central Asia bypassing Pakistan.
*       Burundi declared the small central city of Gitega the country’s new political capital, in line with a presidential promise, made a decade ago.
*       UN General Assembly adopted the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly & Regular Migration, the first-ever negotiated global framework on a common approach to international migration in all its dimensions.
*       U.N. General Assembly voted nearly unanimously to adopt a framework to strengthen the international response to the global refugee crisis. The United States & Hungary were the only two nations that voted against the Global Compact on Refugees, while 181 countries voted in favor.
*       UAE President Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan declared 2019 as the Year of Tolerance, an extension of the Year of Zayed which has run this year.
*       Akademik Lomonosov, the world’s first “floating” nuclear power plant (FNPP) for installation in remote areas, has been started & brought to 10% of its capacity, Russian state-run atomic energy corporation Rosatom announced.
*       Israel became a full member of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), an international body set up to combat money laundering, terrorist financing & other threats to the international financial system.
*       The second-largest Ebola outbreak in history has spread to a major city in eastern Congo.
*       UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has launched a new framework, the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact, to combat the scourge of international terrorism & coordinate efforts across the peace & security, humanitarian, human rights & sustainable development sectors. It will replace the Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force.
*       Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) has extended a credit facility of USD 500 million to Tanzania for water supply projects in the country.
*       Luxembourg is set to become the first country in the world to make all public transport free, implementing the move in 2020.
*       Qatar has announced its decision to leave the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) from January 2019 & focus more on the production of natural gas.
*       World Bank unveiled 200 billion US Dollars in climate action investment for 2021 to 2025, adding that this amounts to a doubling of its current five-year funding. The move coincides with a UN climate summit in Katowice.
*       Australia has become the first country in the world to recognise ‘orphanage trafficking’ as a form of modern slavery.


Defence Current Affairs :

*       The opening ceremony for the 7th Sino-India joint exercise Hand-in-Hand 2018, was held at Chengdu, China. Company size contingents of 11 SIKHLI from Indian Army & a regiment from Tibetan Military District of People’s Liberation Army participated in the exercise.

*       Indian Coast Guard conducted the Regional Level Marine Oil Pollution Response Exercise titled ‘Clean Sea – 2018’ at sea off Port Blair.
*       Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF) held a bilateral air exercise SHINYUU Maitri-18 with Indian Air Force at A F Station Agra. The theme is joint Mobility/Humanitarian Assistance & Disaster Relief (HADR) on Transport aircraft.
*       The indigenously built Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile Agni-5 test-fired successfully from Abdul Kalam island under Chandipur Interim Test Range. It can carry both nuclear & traditional weapons. Having 17 meters length & 2 meters diameter the missile can hit the target from a distance of 5 thousand kilometers.
*       Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) accorded approval for the acquisition of defence equipment worth nearly Rs. 3000 crore which includes BrahMos Missiles, & Armoured Recovery Vehicles (ARVs) for Battle Tank Arjun.
*       Ex Cope India-18 is the fourth edition in the series of Bilateral Joint exercise held between IAF & USAF, which is conducted in India. This is the first time, the exercise is being planned at two Air Force bases, Kalaikunda & Panagarh (West Bengal).
*       Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman inaugurated the Indian Navy’s Information Fusion Centre (IFC) in Gurugram that aims to collaborate with partner countries & multi-national agencies to develop maritime awareness & share information on vessels.
*       India successfully test-fired its nuclear-capable long-range ballistic missile Agni-IV, with a strike range of 4,000 km, as part of a user trial by the Army.


Science & Technology Current Affairs :


*       The GSLV F 11 carrying GSAT 7A successfully launched from the Space research Centre Sriharikota by ISRO. It is a dedicated mission for updating & increasing the capability of the Country’s defence forces. GSLV F 11 carries the 2250 kilogram GSAT 7A from Sriharikota. The rocket, GSLV F 11 is the fourth generation launch vehicle with three stages.
*       China launched the first-ever spacecraft, Chang’e 4, that will attempt landing on the far side of the Moon, which always shows the same face to Earth.
*       German firm BigRep claims it has produced the world’s first fully functioning e-motorbike NERA using a 3D printer.
*       SpaceX successfully launched 64 small satellites, including India’s ExseedSAT-1 in the company’s largest-ever “rideshare” mission on a twice-reused Falcon 9 rocket that lifted off from a California launchpad. This is a new US record. The Falcon 9 rocket carried 15 micro-satellites & 49 CubeSats belonging to 34 different clients.


Miscellaneous Current Affairs :


*       The Union Cabinet approved amendments to the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012. The changes prescribe stringent punishment, including the death penalty for aggravated penetrative sexual assault of children. Further, hefty fine would be imposed for not deleting, not destroying child pornographic material or not reporting child pornography.
*       India’s first locomotive-less train, known as Train 18, breached the 180 kilometres per hour speed limit during a test run at Kota-Sawai Madhopur section in Rajasthan. Train 18 is capable of touching 200 kilometres per hour.
*       Food Safety & Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) launched a new mass media campaign calling for the elimination of industrially produced trans fat in the food supply. It is called as “Heart Attack Rewind”. The first mass media campaign of its kind – will support FSSAI’s global target of eliminating trans fat in India by the year 2022.
*       “PAiSA – Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access”, a centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on bank loans to beneficiaries under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) was launched. It has been designed & developed by Allahabad Bank which is the Nodal bank.
*       Home Minister Rajnath Singh announced a pan-India single-number emergency mobile app ‘112 India’ & stated that it will have a special women safety feature ‘SHOUT’ to get immediate assistance from police & volunteers. It is connected to the Emergency Response Support System (ERSS).
*       Nagaland became the first state in the Northeast & second in the country, after Himachal Pradesh, to launch a pan-India single-number (112) emergency mobile application which will have a special women safety feature for immediate assistance from police & volunteers.
*       Cabinet approved an export policy for agriculture, lifting all restrictions on organic & processed food, to help the government’s efforts to double farmers’ income by 2022. The ‘Agriculture Export Policy, 2018’ seeks to double farm exports to $60 billion by 2022 from $30 billion currently & will invest 1,400 crore to set up specialised clusters in different states for different produce to push exports.
*       Kolkata-Patna is India’s new Inland Water Transport (IWT) origin-destination pair for containerised cargo movement on the National Waterway-1.
*       FAO Council approved India’s proposal to observe an International Year of Millets in 2023. FAO Council also approved India’s membership to the Executive Board of the United Nations World Food Program for 2020 & 2021.
*       Home Ministry launched a Twitter account named ‘@CyberDost’ to spread awareness about cybercrimes & normal precautions to be taken.
*       Union Minister of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare Radha Mohan Singh launched a portal ‘ENSURE’- National Livestock Mission-EDEG developed by NABARD & operated under the Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries. NABARD developed an online portal “ENSURE” (ensure.nabard.org) so that the information related to beneficiary & processing of the application can be made readily available.
*       Dr. Jitendra Singh launched the iGOT (Integrated Government Online Training Programme) developed by Department of Personnel & Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions. The Right to Information (RTI) Portal on Judgments/Orders of Supreme Court, High Courts & CIC developed by the Institute of Secretariat Training & Management (ISTM), New Delhi. This Portal will provide a learning environment for all stakeholders under which a repository on the landmark cases on the RTI will be available at one place.
*       The indigenously developed Kaiga Atomic Power Station in Karnataka has set a new world record, with one of its units operating uninterrupted for more than 940 days.
*       Union Minister of State for Civil Aviation Jayant Sinha launched an official mobile application for Global Aviation Summit 2019. It is scheduled to be held in January 2019 in Mumbai.
*       Prime Minister Narendra Modi releases a 100 rupees commemorative coin in honour of former Prime Minister & Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s birth anniversary, which falls on 25th December, is celebrated as ‘Good Governance Day’.

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